Report by India Education bureau, Bhubaneswar: The World Population Day is observed on July 11, 2012 all across the globe. It is an annual event which seeks to raise awareness on global population issues. It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, approximately the date on which the world's population reached five billion people. World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.
World Population Day seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of Population issues and brings back the focus on family planning initiatives. 11th July is observed as the “World Population Day” throughout the world as well as in our country and state every year with a focus on generating awareness on family planning and population issues.
Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik attended the observation ceremony of ‘World Population Day- 2013’ here today as Chief Guest and distributed awards to successful districts and doctors achieving their goals in health related issues. State Health & Family Welfare Minister Dr. Damodar Rout, Health & Family Welfare Department Principal Secretary Pradipta Mohapatra, Director Biren Mohanty were present in the occasion.
This year World Population Day is being observed throughout the state with launching of “Population Stabilization Fortnight” from 11th to 24th July 2013 all across the state. It was preceded by a “Mobilization Fortnight” from 27th June to 10th July 2013 for creating awareness on population control and generating demand for family planning services. All the stakeholders involved in this unique event are supporting the state’s initiative to address the family planning issues.
This year’s Theme for observation is “Addressing Adolescent Pregnancy” which is a very sensitive issues of Reproductive Health across the world.
Government of India’s Theme for this year’s Observation in the entire country is:
“Chhotaa Parivar – Khusi Parivar” (Hindi)
“Chhoto Parivar - Khusi Parivar” (Odia)
“Small Family - Happy Family” (English)
The population stabilisation campaign has been an initiative in Odisha for last three years which has started in 2010 with an attempt to bring all stakeholders to one platform in order to consolidate the efforts for fighting the menace of population explosion. At present the world population has crossed-over 7 billion and that of India stands at 1.22 billion which is a matter of serious concern to all of us in the event of rapid depletion of natural resources and on the face of food crisis. Odisha is also witnessing a population growth of around half a crore (51 lakhs) in every 10 years (Census-1991, 2001 and 2011) which is also affecting the state’s progress adversely.
Odisha’s progress in family planning programme during last 3-4 years has been quite encouraging and some of our major achievements in this regard are:
1. Total Fertility Rate (TFR), the most important indicator in population control programme in Odisha has decreased from a shocking high of 4.7 (SRS) to 2.2 (Annual Health Survey-2011) very close to desired level (2.1) which is an outstanding achievement in itself wherein the national average (2.79) is still higher than that of Odisha.
2. As per the mandate of the programme, Odisha over the period of last couple of years has been able to increase in the service uptakes in sterilisation methods through government health facilities which are evident from its consistency in achievement (around 90% annually). It has resulted in promoting small family among the people in Odisha.
3. In order to reach out to the newly married and young couples living in the rural areas a new scheme namely ‘home delivery of contraceptives by ASHA at the doorstep of the beneficiaries’ is in operation in all the 30 districts since 2011 which has been quite successful in addressing unmet needs in spacing child births among eligible couples by promoting informed choices.
4. Given the increase in the numbers of institutional deliveries due to ‘janani surakhya yojana’, H & FW department has undertaken initiatives in increasing the post-partum contraceptive services through both promotion of family planning counselling and services by facility based service providers which has resulted in increase in post-partum sterilisation from 2.8% to 4% (2012-13) within 2 years.
5. With resource and technical support from UNFPA, a designated cell namely ‘State Family Welfare Cell’ has been established in Directorate of Family Welfare, whose techno-managerial support has strengthened the family planning programme in the state which is evident from the improvement in the indicators.
6. After a gap of several years, eligible couple survey activity has been revived by H & FW department in Odihsa wherein more than forty thousand ASHAs are already engaged to identify the eligible couples in their village with their contraceptive preferences which has resulted in promoting informed choices and voluntary decision making among rural communities successfully.
7. Its indeed a matter of elation for Odisha, that Government of India has felicitated Odisha in recently (2-5 July 2013) concluded meeting in Srinagar, J & K for our outstanding achievement during ‘Population Stabilisation Fortnight’ carried out last year.
8. Due to several effective and result-oriented initiatives, Odisha’s Decadal Growth Rate has decreased to 13.97% (Census-2011) which is lower than the national average (17.64%) that indicates the state’s significant progress in achieving the goal of population stabilisation.
9. As a measure of controlling the population growth in Odisha, H & FW department has been implementing a number of family planning and reproductive health programmes that has resulted in decrease in the Birth Rate to 20.1 in 2011 from 23.5 in 2001.
10. Initiation of the AWARD Mechanism two years back by the department in various categories being given away during ‘world population day on 11th July’ of family planning services has indeed motivated the service providers, districts and other stakeholders which has resulted in increase in service uptakes as the initiative has been able to inject zest and zeal among the programme managers. This year onwards the dept of H & FW has introduced Cash Awards in several categories in an attempt to increase the motivational level of the service providers which are being given away by Hon’ble Chief Minister, Odisha to the winners.
1st prize – Rs. 20,000/-
2nd Prize - Rs. 10,000/-
3rd Prize - Rs. 7,000/-
1. Best performing Districts in sterilization operations for the year 2012-13. (3 Awards)
2. Best performing Districts in sterilization operations for the population fortnight (11 to 24 July, 2012). (3 Awards)
3. Best performing Districts in Male Sterilization operations for the year 2012-13. (3 Awards)
4. Best performing Surgeons in Minilap Operations during the year 2012-13. (3 Awards)
5. Best performing Surgeons in Laparoscopic operations for the year 2012-13. (3 Awards)
6. Best performing Surgeons in Male Sterilization operations for the year 2012-13. (3 Awards)
7. Best performing Surgeons in FDS for the year 2012-13. (3 Awards)
8. Best performing NGO in mobilizing sterilization cases in population fortnight (11 to 24 July 2012). (1 Award)